The Service Blueprint tool breaks down a new product or service into its component parts and helps us think systematically about creating a valuable and connected user journey. A Service Blueprint is a template for the delivery of the physical and informational aspects of a service innovation as well as the people, rules and tools needed to deliver it successfully.
First we create a large brown paper landscape version of a blank Service Blueprint and put it on a wall or table in the office or workshop space. We use post-its colour-coded by user journey stage and work through each section in turn with a group of colleagues or partners. The user journey consists of 5 stages:
Aware – How users learn of the service
Join – How they sign up or engage
Use – How they use it for the first time
Continue – How and why they use it again
Legacy – What the service leaves them with or how they leave it
Each of these 5 steps can be examined from the two points of view; Front Stage and Back Stage.
1. Front Stage. What are the touch points?
This maps and details a user’s experience over time as they interact with three different aspects of a product or service called touchpoints. Each touchpoint can be prototyped.
Touchpoint 1: Physical stuff e.g. a doctor’s waiting room (the layout, the reception desk, the seats)
Touchpoint 2: Information e.g. the doctor’s website, signage or leaflets
Touchpoint 3: Encounters with people e.g. speaking to the receptionist on the phone to book an appointment, your greeting at reception, the doctor’s bedside manner.
2. Back Stage. What happens behind the scenes?
We turn our focus to the infrastructure, materials and behaviours that need to happen behind the scenes in order for our new product, service or process to work. What roles will people have to play to deliver a service? What rules are there at different stages of the process? What tools are needed at each stage?
Finally, on the tool we can circle any elements that are weak or untried and that we need to prototype.